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Center for Taiji Studies



Center for Taiji Studies Research
Select Research Studies on the Health Benefits of Taiji
KinesiologyHuman DynamicsTaiji ReferencesMeditation References


Review Papers
Select Studies
(A table summary of the study design, subjects, and result of each study is also available.)
  • Channer, K. S., Barrow, D., Barrow, R., Osborne, M., & Ives, G. (1996). Changes in haemodynamic parameters following Tai Chi Chuan and aerobic exercise in patients recovering from acute myocardial infarction. Postgrad Med J, 72(848), 349-351.
  • Christou, E. A., Rosengren, K. S., & Yang, Y. (2003). Taiji training improves knee extensor strength and force control in older adults. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci, 58(8), 763-6.
  • Hain, T. C. (1999). Effects of T'ai Chi on balance. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg, 125(11), 1191-1195.
  • Hong, Y., Li, J. X., & Robinson, P. D. (2000). Balance control, flexibility, and cardiorespiratory fitness among older Tai Chi practitioners. Br J Sports Med, 34(1), 29-34.
  • Husted, C., Pham, L., Hekking, A., & Niederman, R. (1999). Improving quality of life for people with chronic conditions: The example of t'ai chi and multiple sclerosis. Altern Ther Health Med, 5(5), 70-74.
  • Jacobson, B. H., Chen, H. C., Cashel, C., & Guerrero, L. (1997). The effect of T'ai Chi Chuan training on balance, kinesthetic sense, and strength. Percept Mot Skills, 84(1), 27-33.
  • Jin, P. (1989). Changes in heart rate, noradrenaline, cortisol and mood during Tai Chi. J Psychosom Res, 33(2), 197-206.
  • Jin, P. (1992). Efficacy of Tai Chi, brisk walking, meditation, and reading in reducing mental and emotional stress. J Psychosom Res, 36(4), 361-370.
  • Kutner, N. G., Barnhart, H., Wolf, S. L., McNeely, E., & Xu, T. (1997). Self-report benefits of Tai Chi practice by older adults. J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci, 52(5), P242-246.
  • Lai, J. S., Lan, C., Wong, M. K., & Teng, S. H. (1995). Two-year trends in cardiorespiratory function among older Tai Chi Chuan practitioners and sedentary subjects. J Am Geriatr Soc, 43(11), 1222-1227.
  • Lai, J. S., Wong, M. K., Lan, C., Chong, C. K., & Lien, I. N. (1993). Cardiorespiratory responses of Tai Chi Chuan practitioners and sedentary subjects during cycle ergometry. J Formos Med Assoc, 92(10), 894-899.
  • Lan, C., Chen, S. Y., Lai, J. S., & Wong, M. K. (2001). Heart rate responses and oxygen consumption during Tai Chi Chuan practice. Am J Chin Med, 29(3-4), 403-410.
  • Lan, C., Lai, J. S., & Chen, S. Y. (2002). Tai chi chuan: an ancient wisdom on exercise and health promotion. Sports Med, 32(4), 217-224.
  • Lan, C., Lai, J. S., Chen, S. Y., & Wong, M. K. (2000). Tai Chi Chuan to improve muscular strength and endurance in elderly individuals: a pilot study. Arch Phys Med Rehabil, 81(5), 604-607.
  • Lan, C., Lai, J. S., Wong, M. K., & Yu, M. L. (1996). Cardiorespiratory function, flexibility, and body composition among geriatric Tai Chi Chuan practitioners. Arch Phys Med Rehabil, 77(6), 612-616.
  • Li, F., McAuley E, et al. (2001). Tai Chi enhances self-efficacy and exercise behavior in older adults. Journal of Aging and Physical Activity.
  • Lin, Y. C., Wong, A. M., Chou, S. W., Tang, F. T., & Wong, P. Y. (2000). The effects of Tai Chi Chuan on postural stability in the elderly: Preliminary report. Changgeng Yi Xue Za Zhi, 23(4), 197-204.
  • Rosengren, K. (2003). Quantification of Taiji learning in older adults. Journal of American Geriatrics Society, 51, 1-2.
  • Schaller, K. J. (1996). Tai Chi Chih: An exercise option for older adults. J Gerontol Nurs, 22(10), 12-17.
  • Tracy, B. L., Kern, D. S., Mehoudar, O. D., Sehnert, S. M., Byrnes, W. C., & Enoka, R. M. (2001). Strength training does not improve the steadiness of muscle contractions in the knee extensors of older adults. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 33, S254-.
  • Tse, S. K., & Bailey, D. M. (1992). T'ai chi and postural control in the well elderly. Am J Occup Ther, 46(4), 295-300.
  • Van Deusen, J., & Harlowe, D. (1987). The efficacy of the ROM Dance Program for adults with rheumatoid arthritis. Am J Occup Ther, 41(2), 90-95.
  • Wang, J. S., Lan, C., & Wong, M. K. (2001). Tai Chi Chuan training to enhance microcirculatory function in healthy elderly men. Arch Phys Med Rehabil, 82(9), 1176-1180.
  • Wolf, S. L., Barnhart, H. X., Kutner, N. G., McNeely, E., Coogler, C., & Xu, T. (1996). Reducing frailty and falls in older persons: An investigation of Tai Chi and computerized balance training. Atlanta FICSIT Group. Frailty and Injuries: Cooperative Studies of Intervention Techniques. J Am Geriatr Soc, 44(5), 489-497.
  • Wolf, S. L., Coogler, C., & Xu, T. (1997). Exploring the basis for Tai Chi Chuan as a therapeutic exercise approach. Arch Phys Med Rehabil, 78(8), 886-892.
  • Wolfson, L., Whipple, R., Derby, C., Judge, J., King, M., Amerman, P., Schmidt, J., & Smyers, D. (1996). Balance and strength training in older adults: Intervention gains and Tai Chi maintenance. J Am Geriatr Soc, 44(5), 498-506.
  • Yan, J. H. (1998). Tai Chi practice improves senior citizens' balance and arm movement control. Journal of Aging and Physical Activity, 6, 271-284.



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